When one has abnormally high blood sugar levels he/she may have
Diabetes. Normally, carbohydrates in food are digested and broken down
to simple sugars. Insulin, a hormone produced by pancreas helps
glucose enter cells. But, if one has Diabetes, this process gets
disturbed, and blood sugar levels go up.
Diabetes is diagnosed1 when any of the following test results are
Fasting* Plasma Glucose (FPG) >126 mg/dL OR
2-h plasma glucose >200 mg/dL during an Oral glucose tolerance
test (OGTT**) OR
In a patient with classic symptoms of hyperglycemia, a random plasma
glucose >200 mg/dL OR
Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA ) >6.5% (140mg/dL).
* Fasting is deﬁned as no caloric intake for at least 8 h
**OGTT test should be performed as described by the WHO, using a
glucose load containing the equivalent of 75-g anhydrous glucose
dissolved in water